Tribal Art

Tribal Art Sculptures

India is famous for its cultural heritage and every region of India is rich with different kinds of tribal arts. Tribal in India have done precious contribution towards the development of Indian art and cultures. The art of making sculptures in India has been practiced since the time immemorial. Many of the modern sculptures and statues of civilized and modern India are inspired by the tribal art and sculptures and many of these forms have gained international recognition. Sculptures are an important form of tribal art and the variety available is enormous. From figurines and statuettes of mythological characters to the ones inspired from nature, daily human life and nomadic lifestyle, you can find very unique sculptures with tribal origins. Historically, tribal sculptures were made of wood, metal and stone. The figurines have a lot of spiritual importance. Tribal communities in different regions of India do not follow the main religions but have their own beliefs which are manifested through sculptures.

The tribal district has a rich heritage of making tribal art sculpture. Tribal art sculpture India gives an insight into elementary human nature and lifestyle amongst Indian tribes. Indian tribal have down to the earth existence. The Indian tribal art sculpture showcases their fascinating aspect. Tribal art sculpture in India highlights the themes and ideas like birth, life, harvest, journey, jubilation or marriage. Tribal art sculpture is a fusion of passion, mystery and expression. Each tribal painting recounts a fundamental principal of life. It is a captivating art form, where the elements of life are displayed in enchantingly.

Stone tribal sculptures

Stone sculptures are the most common tribal sculptures. Figurines of deities which tribal communities worship are the main focus. The size usually varies between six inches and two feet. Male and female figures look similar except for their dress and ornamentation. Stone tribal sculptures are also available in non-figurative forms. These do not have a definite figure and are more of a stone collage. They may include symbols and tribal interpretations. Stones are unpolished and have a rough cut, although marble sculptures are more refined. Marble, granite, pink sandstone and black stone are predominantly used. The entire sculpture is carved from a single stone and the back is usually kept flat.

Tribal regions such as Niwas, Kukaramath, Binjholi and Dhanoli which came under the Kalachuri dynasty of the past spread over modern Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh regions are famous for stone sculptures. Manipur tribes are renowned for stone sculptures made out a special kind of black stone which is only found in these areas. Bamboo and cane are used to embellish these black stone figurines.

Wood sculptures

Wood is the most used material by tribes because of its easy availability. Also, wood is easy to carve and you can find numerous tribal carvings and motifs. The very earliest tribal sculptures found were of wood. You can find carved figurines of deities, natural forms, pipes, jewelry cases, tobacco cases, musical instruments, pipes and tribal warrior heads. Besides these decorative articles, sculpted door and window frames, vessels, wedding pillars and various other wedding artifacts are available. Traditionally, wood from teak, mahua and sal wood are used for carved wood sculptures.

Tribal communities in Arunachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Bihar are known for beautiful wood artifacts. Tirap district, especially the Wancho region, in Arunachal Pradesh is especially famous. Khamti tribes and Monpa tribes of the northeast are very talented craftsman in this art. Rajasthan tribal communities are known for making the frames and wedding artifacts.

Metal tribal sculptures

Black metal, iron and copper are used by tribes to make figures of deities and various other forms of well defined and abstract forms. Simple depictions, which resemble Warli paintings, are very common. Tribes believe that metals can keep evil at bay and so, the entrances of their houses have some lovely looking sculptures. On the other hands, metal is also used to make witchcraft materials. Shakya tribes of Rajasthan and tribal communities of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and other central Indian regions are known for their metal works. All these are now extensively sold in the global market.

Where to buy tribal sculptures?

There are several government stores which have been set up to promote tribal sculptures all over the country. You can get authentic goods here. sculptures can also be obtained from licensed dealers and art markets such as Delhi Haat in New Delhi.

The tribal art sculptures possess an inimitable sensitivity, which makes it prefect to decorate the homes. Tribal sculptures are the perfect expression of their life. Indian tribal sculptures are the art of people whose lives are tuned to the rhythms of nature and entwined with the energy of earth and the cyclic change in the environment.

Tribal art is the mirror of the respective art of various tribal groups. Indian tribal sculpture is an art form where life and creativity are inseparable. It is very distinctive and different from other art forms. The mindset of the tribal community possesses awareness towards myths, legends, Gods, dreams, fantasies and nature.

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