Precious stone painting is popular as gemstone painting. Canvases of such paintings are created by skillfully grinding several semiprecious stones, creating excellent visual effects. The most popular variety of stones used for such paintings are amethyst and garnet. Painting of garnet is however less expensive than those done with grounded amethyst. Color stones are used for getting the color variations in the paintings. The specialty of this kind of handicraft work is that no artificial colors are used for the subjects. The paintings also have a natural luster because of the bright stones and last longer. Gemstone paintings do feature a traditional richness.
This art has its origin in the state of Rajasthan, India where jewelry designing is a traditional industry. Powered or grounded gemstone could make great composition during Rajputana rule. because of its richness and costing, paintings of gemstone was mostly found in the royal palaces and homes. Being a type of glass painting as well, Indian artists gave credits to Chinese artists. Being a depository of semi precious stones, this art form soon had subjects such as Mughal court, elephant and camels. Women adorned with jewelry also made an excellent theme.
Among the list of precious and semi precious stones, these are widely available to enhance this craft. Artists power the following category of stones:
Agate – The brightness of colors and the smooth texture of agate rock stones makes them important in gemstone painting.
Amethysts – The violet quartz variety, the almost crimson and violet colors is one reason why this stone is widely used in painting.
Sapphires – The most common variety of sapphire stones are blue and yellow.
Citrine – The pale yellow stone, the powder gives color to human body and face and often other objects in a scenery.
Crystal – Multi colored round and oval stones grounded to have several shades.
Emerald – Dark green variety of stones used to paint the leaves on trees.
Garnet – Dark red stones often with a maroon tinge, flowers have this grounded stone power as colors on gem paintings.
Jade – An ornamental stones used for making necklaces, Chinese Jade are green stones.
Lapis-lazuli – The dark blue stone with high holistic properties, this is used to paint the sky and river even in Renaissance paintings.
Pearl – An extract from under sea, pearls are mostly black, pink white and cream colored.
Ruby – Pink and blood red stones and its prices are depended on the colors. The pigeon red stone is the best quality ruby found.
The sketching of the theme or subject is done on the glass and then powered gemstone is used instead of other colors. Though the technique seems easy, it requires highly skilled craftsmen.
Here are few steps to a gemstone painting:
Indian gemstone painting – This craft is in vogue in Rajasthan and powered gemstones are used to fill the images with color. The base color is light with bright-colored power as fillings.
Chinese gemstone painting – In Chinese variety, instead of the powdered form, small and large semi-precious stones are in use.